The Western Ghats is a mountain range that stretches 1600 km, parallel to the west cost of Indian peninsula. With an area of 160 000 sq km,this mountain range spreads accross the states of Gujarat,Maharashtra,Goa,Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu.This region is one among the ten biodiversity hotspots in the world.Biodiversity of this region is comparable to that of Amazon basin.A very large proportion of India’s flora and fauna is found in this mountain range ,that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
Malabar Barbet (Megalaima malabarica) is a small barbet with a size of 17 cm in length.
White- headed Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythi), endemic to Western Ghats ,grows upto 21 cm in length.
Malabar Trogon (Harpactes fasciatus),from trogon family is mainly found in western Ghats.
Malabar grey Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) with an average size of 45 cm in length, is a small bird among the hornbill family.
Malabar Woodshrike (Tephrodornis sylvicola) has a prominent black face mask and a size of 23 cm.
Malabar Parakeet (psittacula columboides) is also known as blue winged parakeet.
Flame-throated Bulbul (Rubigula gularis) from the bulbul family is found only in the Western Ghats.
Crimson-backed Sunbird (Leptocoma minima) with a size of 8 cm is comparatively small among the sunbird family.
Lesser Hill Myna (Gracula indica) or Southern Hill Myna is found in Western Ghats and Srilanka.
Common Flameback or Common Goldenback (Dinopium javanense) is found mainly in the Western Ghats in India.
Grey-Fronted Green Pegion (Treron affinis) have been split from Pompadour green pegion family.
Nilgiri Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor) with a size of 8 cm,is found in hilly forests of Western Ghats and Nilgiri hills of south India.